European Anti-Discrimination Council
What does discrimination mean?
EU-legislation prohibits discrimination in employment and training on
the grounds of racial or ethnic origin, sexual orientation, religion or
belief, age and disability. The rules on racial discrimination also
cover other areas such as education, social security, healthcare, access
to goods and services and housing.
Both direct and indirect discrimination are covered by the new EU-rules.
discrimination occurs when a person is treated less favourably than
another in a comparable situation because of their racial or ethnic
origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation.
An example of direct discrimination is a job advert which says "no disabled people need apply."
in reality discrimination often takes more subtle forms. That is why
indirect discrimination is also covered. This occurs when an apparently
neutral provision, criterion or practice would disadvantage people on
the grounds of racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability,
age or sexual orientation unless the practice can be objectively
justified by a legitimate aim.
An example of indirect
discrimination is requiring all people who apply for a certain job to
sit a test in a particular language, even though that language is not
necessary for the job. The test might exclude more people who have a
different mother tongue.