European Anti-Discrimination Council
years the focus of EU action in the field of non-discrimination was on
preventing discrimination on the grounds of nationality and sex. In
1997, however, the Member States approved unanimously the Treaty of
Article 13 of this new Treaty granted the Community
new powers to combat discrimination on the grounds of sex, racial or
ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual
orientation. Since the Treaty of Amsterdam came into force in 1999, new
EC laws, or Directives, that have been enacted in the area of
anti-discrimination are the Racial Equality Directive, 2000/43/EC, and
the Employment Equality Directive, 2000/78/EC.
2000/43/EC implements the principle of equal treatment between persons
irrespective of racial or ethnic origin, and Council Directive
2000/78/EC establishes a general framework for equal treatment in
employment and occupation.